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Food Security, Environment & Climate change

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Environment & Climate Change

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Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Management

For reducing the disaster risk and climate vulnerabilities, 40 Village Disaster Management Committee (VDMC) was reformed and 36 Ward Disaster Management Committee (WDMC) was newly formed. These committees have prepared a DRM (disaster risk management) plan through risk and resource mapping and now they are working with the Union and Upazila Disaster Management Committee for the implementation of the DRM plan. Awareness creation activities are going on to reduce the disaster risk and vulnerability of char people using Radio Chilmari (RDRS’ Community Radio). RDRS Bangladesh has been implementing ‘Trans-boundary Flood Resilience in South Asia’ Project in Kochakata and Narayanpur Union of Nageshwari Upazilla of Kurigram district to increase flood resilience of local communities by exchanging trans-boundary (India, Nepal and Bangladesh) experiences and best practices since 2019. 


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Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Management

The farmers of disaster prone areas are now able to increase agricultural production with the adoption of climate resilient agricultural practices. About 25% of the targeted households are producing different types of flood tolerant vegetables and also rearing indigenous poultry by crib feeding system. Tower garden and sack gardening has been introduced in Sylhet district to adapt with flash food which is a consequence of climate change. The beneficiaries of the Suchana project are getting a good harvest, so the community people who are not direct beneficiaries of the Suchana project are also adapting this technology. The vegetable production has increased by 15% and cost of production has also reduced relatively due to adoption of organic or ecological agricultural practices. 

Total 882 famers practiced Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) in 337 acres of boro rice field which reduced 36% irrigation and increased 10% yield. More than 300 farmers followed conservation agriculture based sustainable intensification (CASI) technologies in 150 acres of land to grow wheat, maize, jute, mustard. As a result, labour, fuel and irrigation cost of farmers has reduced by 30%.


Food Security

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Agricultural Market System Improvement

In 2019, 9 Krishi Kendra have been set up at Union Federation to improve the agricultural market system. Right now 71 agri-entrepreneurs of 28 Krishi Kendra are supplying agricultural inputs to 15,530 farmers and are also involved in the marketing of their products. Another 50 agri-entrepreneurs of 10 Krishi SANJOG centres provided advisory services to 4,700 farmers and also established demonstration plots on new agricultural technologies for encouraging the farmers. As a result, production and productivity of targeted farmers have been increased. Finally, 121 agri-entrepreneurs of 38 Krishi Kendra and Krishi SANJOG centre made a profit of BTD 4,473,806. Apart from this, agri-entrepreneurs made additional profit of BDT 71,000 by the production and marketing of vermin-compost and rice seed.

Under the Growing Together project, 20 entrepreneurs of Farmer Centre along with 200 agri-entrepreneurs are also working to improve the market system for agricultural products. Along with this, banking facilities are being provided to the farmers under the Agent Banking of Bank Asia which is located at Farmer Centers. This year, 477 farmers collected potato seeds from Agriconcern and JOIKKO AGRO which was cultivated in 336 acres of lands as contract farming. Farmers made an additional profit of BDT 75 lakh by selling 1,570 MT potatoes to these companies


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Food and Nutrition Security

Besides, cooking demonstrations have been arranged to create awareness on nutritious food for 6-23 month aged children. In Bangladesh, over 80% of calorie and protein intakes come from cereals. So, RDRS has taken comprehensive interventions for the commercialization of bio-fortified crops with the support of HarvestPlus Bangladesh. RDRS is implementing another project called SONGO in 18 unions of 6 upazila under Gaibandha and Kurigram district for improving maternal and child health & nutrition. The project is trying to strengthen the Upazila Nutrition Coordination Committee (UNCC) and creating awareness for behavioural change through community level initiatives like- awareness sessions, counselling and messaging. Alongside, the project is also strengthening 162 ward level WATSAN committees across 18 unions.


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Food and Nutrition Security

A total of 720 farmers of EC-PRISM project are using the newly introduced 144 jute fibre extraction machine (Ashkol). This resulted in improvement of jute fibre quality enabling farmers to earn fair prices of their products. This high quality fibre is being used in 14 SMEs for making bags, mats, paposh, show-piece which is exported to international markets as well. As a result of agricultural mechanization, production and income of targeted farmers have increased up to 20%.

Establishment of different demonstration plots is going on to create interest of farmers in order to increase the practices of nutrition sensitive agriculture for ensuring nutritional demand. In Sylhet district, a total of 18,227 female members are involved in Income Generating Activities (IGAs) under the Suchana project which played a vital role for reducing the stunting of under-2 years children.


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Food and Nutrition Security

Bangladesh has ranked 10th in the world for the production of 12 agricultural products. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that Bangladesh has shown progressive improvement in dietary energy intake over the past 20 years. Bangladesh has attained food self-sufficiency in terms of food production but still needs to take an effective initiative for ensuring food security for all. Therefore, RDRS Bangladesh along with the government is working to contribute to ensuring food and nutrition particularly for poor people. RDRS played a great role for the improvement of food and nutrition security by implementing a number of programs in its working area.

In 2019, a total of 1,145 demonstration plots have been established among 850 marginal and small farmers for dissemination of new agricultural technologies. In this connection, the University of Western Australia, University of Rajshahi and RDRS Bangladesh are jointly implementing a research project to assess the farmer’s decision making process for the adoption of agricultural technologies. Besides, farm mechanization initiatives are in progress with the involvement of Krishi Kendra under the Union Federation to increase interest of young towards agriculture and also reduce agricultural production cost. At present, a total of 37 agricultural machineries are available in 15 Krishi Kendra where farmers are getting opportunities to use them at a cheaper rate.